Data shows that homeownership among millennials is down, but that doesn’t mean they aren’t interested in buying a home.
In the last two decades, homeownership in the U.S. has declined across the board and especially so for young Americans. The rate of homeownership under the age of 35 has declined 9.8 percent since 1996.
So where is young America living?
Many of them are still renting, and a lot more of them (32.1 percent) are moving back home. For the first time on record, 18-to-34 year-olds are more likely to live with their parents than any other living arrangement.
However, that doesn’t mean they aren’t interested in owning a home.
The Fanny Mae Housing Survey reported 90 percent of young renters (age 18-39) say they are likely to buy a home at some point. A different survey from Rent.com said nearly 80% of young renters don’t plan to buy a home anytime soon.
So, millennials want to buy a home at some point, just not anytime soon. There is plenty of speculation as to why, ranging from their jaded attitude toward the housing market after witnessing the crash in 2008 to the idea that millennials prefer city life to the suburbs.
The reality is that two-thirds of millennials have yet to hit the median-age (31) for first-time homebuyers. They aren’t old enough, or wealthy enough in today’s economy to be making major, long-term purchases like a home.
Add in the fact that they are starting families and settling down later than previous generations. The average age a woman gives birth to her first child climbed to 26.3 in 2014 or nearly two years older than it was in 1994. That’s one major example of that says millennials have yet to reach the point in life when owning a home makes sense.
Millennials are Strapped for Cash
Most of all, millennials are strapped for cash. While they should be saving, more than 70% of recent college graduates are repaying student loans. The average 2016 college graduate owes $37,172 in student loan debt, making it difficult to save up for the gold-standard 20% down payment lenders.
How to Save a Down Payment
The good news is that there are ways to save money for a down payment.
Living with a roommate is one way to save money. Splitting the cost of rent, utilities and housing supplies with two, three or even four people saves thousands of dollars a year. The more roommates you have, the less it costs to live.
You also could get a second job and devote the paycheck strictly to the down payment account. If you are among the millennials living in a big city, take advantage of public transportation, walk or ride a bicycle to work. Give up your automobile and save thousands more on car payments, insurance and gas.
Then put all those savings into a bank account and don’t touch it! When you have enough money for a down payment, start looking for a home, but be aware that you also must make sure your monthly mortgage payment is less than 30% of your monthly income.
Owning Still Cheaper Than Renting
The fact remains that it is cheaper to own a home than it is to rent an apartment or house.
A study done by Trulia found that it is 23 percent cheaper for millennials to own, rather than rent nationwide. The median rent for an apartment in the U.S. jumped from $841 in 2001 to $1,341 in 2015. That’s a 59.4% jump and experts say rental rates will continue to rise at an annual rate of 4%.
The benefits of owning a home make an even better argument against renting. A mortgage payment is building equity in an asset you own, whereas a rental payment is going into your landlord’s pocket. Interest paid on your first and second mortgage is tax deductible, meaning even more money back in your pocket.
Of course if you are on the move, changing cities every other year, it would make sense to rent. That’s always been an issue for young people. The data indicates millennials understand this and are choosing to delay buying a home until later in life when things are more stable.
Max Fay has been writing about personal finance for Debt.org for the past five years. His expertise is in student loans, credit cards and mortgages. Max inherited a genetic predisposition to being tight with his money and free with financial advice. He was published in every major newspaper in Florida while working his way through Florida State University. He can be reached at [email protected].
- U.S. Census Bureau (2016, October 27) Homeownership Rates by Age of Householder. Retrieved from https://www.census.gov/housing/hvs/data/histtab19.xls
- Fry, R (2016, May 24) For First Time in Modern Era, Living With Parents Edges Out Other Living Arrangements for 18-to-34 Year-Olds. Retrieved from https://www.pewresearch.org/social-trends/2016/05/24/for-first-time-in-modern-era-living-with-parents-edges-out-other-living-arrangements-for-18-to-34-year-olds/
- Fannie Mae (2014, May) Fannie Mae National Housing Survey. Retrieved from http://www.fanniemae.com/resources/file/research/housingsurvey/pdf/nhsmay2014presentation.pdf
- RentBlog (N/A) Millennial Generation Choosing to Rent. Retrieved from http://blog.rent.com/millennial-generation-renting/
- Rosen, K (N/A) Millennials and Homebuying: Myths and Reality. Retrieved from https://www.nerdwallet.com/blog/mortgages/millennials-and-homebuying/?trk=nw_hp4_bv_indexpg-10
- Bichell, R (2016, January 14) Average Age of First-Time Moms Keeps Climbing in the U.S. Retrieved from http://www.npr.org/sections/health-shots/2016/01/14/462816458/average-age-of-first-time-moms-keeps-climbing-in-the-u-s
- Student Loan Hero (2016) A Look At Shocking Student Loan Debt Statistics for 2016. Retrieved from https://studentloanhero.com/student-loan-debt-statistics/
- McLaughlin, R (2015, October 21) Should Millennials Rent or Buy? Retrieved from https://www.trulia.com/blog/trends/millennials-rent-or-buy/
- Schoen, J (2016, June 16) Rents Now Top List of Fastest Growing Prices. Retrieved from http://www.cnbc.com/2016/06/16/rents-now-top-list-of-fastest-rising-prices.html
- Woo, H (2016, June 14) How Have Rents Changed Since 1960. Retrieved from https://www.apartmentlist.com/rentonomics/rent-growth-since-1960/
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