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Identity Theft, Tax Fraud Increase as IRS Attempts to Curb Crimes

As if tax season isn’t difficult enough, taxpayers must now be on alert for suspicious activity that could indicate that they are victims of tax-related identity theft.

During last year’s tax season, the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) received about 450,000 claims of fraudulent tax returns, an 80 percent increase from a year earlier. Such crimes have cost the government billions of dollars each year since 2008, when the crime started becoming more prominent.

Identity thieves typically use victims’ Social Security numbers to file fraudulent tax returns early in the filing season. Their goal is to obtain unwarranted refunds as early as possible, before most people prepare their returns.

They often target people who are unlikely to file tax returns – the deceased, the poor, prisoners and children – to minimize the risk of duplicate returns.

IRS Targets Identity Theft

Although the IRS is attempting to curb fraudulent activity and address reports in a timely manner, the crimes show no indication of slowing.

The IRS has had to train more employees to resolve new and existing cases of tax fraud stemming from identity theft. As of late 2012, there were more than 3,000 IRS employees handling identity theft issues, more than double the amount from a year earlier. Another 35,000 employees have training to deal with identity theft.

IRS efforts seem to be working. The IRS was able to stop the distribution of more than $20 billion in fraudulent refunds last year, an increase of $6 billion from the year prior.

This Year: What to Expect

This year is gearing up to be even more successful in terms of stopping fraudulent activity. By the end of January, authorities had already taken action against nearly 400 suspects, four times the amount from last January.

And February started off with a bang.

Earlier this month, federal prosecutors accused a group of 11 people of stealing the identities of nearly 7,000 individuals with intent to defraud the IRS. The group allegedly plotted to request $34 million in federal tax returns using stolen information. The South Florida individuals did receive some refund money before being caught; police are now seeking to seize four cars and about $443,000 from bank accounts.

What to do if Your Identity is Stolen

The IRS gives these guidelines to spot tax fraud relating to identity theft:

  • You receive notice that you filed more than one tax return.
  • You receive confirmation of a tax return that you did not file.
  • You receive notice that you have a balance due or have collection actions against you regarding a year you did not file.
  • You receive notice that your tax return lists an employer you have not worked for.

If you learn about any such suspicious activities, contact the IRS immediately. Tell a representative that you suspect identity theft. If you discovered odd activity via a letter from the IRS, ask if it is real and correct. If your tax return has been compromised, an IRS representative can help you take appropriate action to remedy the situation.

If you believe you are a victim of identity theft unrelated to your taxes, contact the IRS Identity Protection Specialized Unit at (800) 908-4490. An IRS employee can help you take appropriate steps to protect your personal records, including protecting your tax records from potential threats.

Katherine Pilnick is a writer for She educates readers about their various personal finance options. She is a graduate of New York University.

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    1. McCoy, K. (2013, February 8). IRS struggles with tax fraud via identity theft. USA Today. Retrieved from
    2. Internal Revenue Service. (2012, August 4). Indications your identity may have been stolen and how to report it to us. Retrieved from
    3. Internal Revenue Service. (2013, February 11). Taxpayer Guide to Identity Theft. Retrieved from
    4. Weaver, J. (2013, February 9). Feds indict 11 So. Floridians for stealing IDs, filing taxes for 2,700 dead people. The Miami Herald. Retrieved from